Stenciling is a form of visual art that has been with human beings for tens of thousands of years. As a matter of fact, some researchers believe that stenciling has been done by human beings as far back as almost 40,000 years ago.
For those who are not too familiar with the form of art, stenciling is a technique in which a picture, image, symbol or even a pattern is created by the application of a pigment, prints or inks onto a surface but there is always a material between the paint material and the surface onto which the pigment is applied. After the paint is applied, it appears under the material placed in between, creating portions of paint-covered and free areas. With the definition of stenciling given, the next step is to list out and explain the various types of stenciling that are available. This will be done in the sections below.
Types of stenciling are often classified based on the materials used or even the nature of the stenciling itself. The following are some of the best-known types of stenciling around:
- Paper Stencils: Just as the name implies, in this type of stenciling, the material placed onto the surface is paper. The paper can be sourced from practically anywhere – old books, card boards, unused or discarded cards and so on. Paper stencils can also be described as the type of stenciling done on a paper surface.
- Fabric Stencils: In this type of stenciling, cloths, cotton, silk and other types of fabric materials are utilized as either the material onto with the paint is applied or one that is placed between the paint and the surface. Either way, fabric stencils are some of the most stunning as it is quite easy to incorporate colors into them.
- Glass Stencils: Here, glass is the surface onto which the pigment or paints are added. It is left to the artist to decide the type of paint that is to be used. This is because glass is a special surface and in doing glass stencil, the right type of adhesive must be used so the paint can stick well onto the surface. Glass stencils are incredibly popular and they are seen on even household items like mugs, cups, plates, furniture and other items that are either made of glass or contains a significant amount of glass that can be stenciled upon.
- Quilting Stencils: These types of stencils are not as popular as other types listed above primarily because of the types of materials and techniques used. Not everyone can quilt but for those who are really good with it, quilting stencils are some of the most attractive on the market.
- Metal Stencils: In this type of stenciling, the primary material used for the stenciling or the surface onto which the pigment or paint is applied is made up of metal. It also needs some degree of expertise for it to be perfectly done and executed. This type also needs more maintenance than other types above.